An OBGYN is a doctor whose area of expertise is the female reproductive system. Obstetrics covers all aspects of the system and its organs during pregnancy. Gynecology, on the other hand, tackles them in non-pregnant situations. This doctor is therefore needed whether a woman is pregnant or not. When you want to become an OBGYN; you are expected to have first gotten your medical degree, they go for specializing training. A gynecologist has to receive training in obstetrics, but obstetrics does not have to receive training in gynecology. There is a tendency for most OBGYNs to finish school and start a general practice, but some of them keep on specializing into a specific field.
These specializing in ventures mean joining a fellowship, which shall provide clinical, operational and research training to them. The length of the training depends on the chosen field. Examples include maternal-fetal medicine, gynecological oncology, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, pelvic reconstructive surgery, family planning and menopausal gynecology, to name a few.
An OBGYN shall thus perform so many different procedures for both pregnant and non-pregnant women. The most popular service in OBGYN work is the ultrasound. This service is offered at many stages in a woman’s pregnancy. It is what gives more details about the health of the mother and the developing fetus. The obstetrician shall rely on the first ultrasound to determine the state of the pregnancy and the expected delivery date. This procedure is performed in an OBGYN’s clinic by use of an ultrasound sonographer. As the pregnancy draws near its conclusion, there shall be a contraction stress test done. The point of this test is to induce contractions that shall reveal the reactions of the fetus, inconsistencies, and the expected childbirth conditions.
You will discover more gynecological procedures these doctors are trained to perform. They do the common ones like dilation and curettage. Dilation is necessary to enlarge the entrance of the patient’s uterus, while curettage is done to scrape the lining of the uterus for tissue samples. This is what they resort to when they need to know more about the presence of abnormal uterine bleeding to treat it. Once the samples have been collected, they shall be observed under a microscope for abnormalities.
Another one is hysterectomy, which is quite popular. In it, they shall remove either part of, or the whole uterus. It is usually done to a woman who is at the child-bearing age. Such a resolution is reached in cases of chronic pelvic pain, cancer, or abnormal uterine bleeding.
The OBGYN are highly skilled, trained, and come with enough experience to handle any reproductive system issue a woman might have, whether pregnant or not.